Which is the best firewood?

Garden Life
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Heating in an open fireplace or in a stove creates warmth and cosiness. Here is some important information about materials, working, storing and firing. A rough differentiaion can only be made between hard and soft wood, but not between conifers and deciduous trees.

Soft wood

Soft wood, for example Spruce, has following characteristics:

  • The wood density is less than 500 kg/m³.
  • It has a higher burning temperature.
  • It is easy to light.
  • It is ideally suited for heating up the fire.

Hard wood

Hard wood, for example Beech, has following characteristics: 

  • The wood density is higher than 500 kg/m³.
  • The holds a longer burning temperature.
  • More ash remains after burning.

Different wood types and their characteristics

Here is some more information on the different wood types and what their are good for:

Beech
Excellent fire wood for all types of fireplaces. It has high and constant heating value and produces good flames. It requires longer storage as it dries slowly.

Oak
High heating value and long constant burning. Oak is ideal for heating stoves. As it spits while burning, it must be completely dry to avoid smoke gas.

Ash
Excellent firewood for all types of fireplaces. It has high and constant heating value and produces good flames. It requires longer storage as it dries slowly. Ash can be easliy sawed but is difficult to split.

Birch
Does not split and is therefore well suited for open fireplaces. It has attractive flames and it dries quickly. Good wood for firing up.

Spruce
Good wood for firing up. As it spits while burning, it is suitable for burning in storage heating stoves or wood gasification boilers. Spruce burns easily and burns up quickly.
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