Planting evergreen trees

Garden Life
The leaves of the evergreen deciduous trees and conifers ensure colour accentuations in your garden over the entire year. For example, they are highly suitable as hedge plants, as their leaves remain on the tree all year round. They do not drop their old leaves until the fresh leaves have fully developed during the summer. However, not all evergreen plants can find the optimum conditions for good growth in our latitudes. This is in particular the case where the winter weather may damage them. If, therefore, exotic plants, such as evergreen magnolias, photinias or, amongst other things, cherry laurels are to be planted in our latitudes, ensure when selecting a location that you find a suitable place for these and other trees, so that these evergreen deciduous trees and conifers also grow well here.

Planting the trees

For evergreen trees, a planting hole is dug in the garden which is roughly double as large as its root bale. It is important that the bottom of the planting hole is well loosened right into the earth so that no waterlogging can occur around the roots of the plant. For conifers in a plant container, which are not surrounded by bale cords, the following applies: before your trees can finally be planted into your garden, their root bales must be placed in a cold water bath for approximately ten minutes. Once no more air bubbles rise from the root bale, the plant can be removed from the water bath, as this indicates that it has been sufficiently “fuelled” with water. Once the planting hole has been dug out and the roots supplied with water, the plant can be carefully removed from its pot so that it can be placed in the planting hole. The roots can be cut into approx. 1 cm in depth on the edge of a root bale which has taken on the shape of the pot in three or four places from the upper edge to the lower edge with a sharp garden knife. This helps the plant to form new roots. The soil is then refilled around the plant roots, and pressed down gently with your feet. After planting, the growth period takes approximately quarter of a year, or longer in hot summer weather. During this phase, it is particularly important to supply the plant with sufficient water, so that it can develop roots well in its new location. Adapt the amount of water you give the plant to the weather conditions.

The correct location

With its beautiful blossoms, the Mediterranean, evergreen magnolia is a true highlight in a garden. The prerequisite for this is that you protect it sufficiently in winter. The photinia and the cherry laurel, too, provide accentuations in your garden all year round with their evergreen leaves. So that the evergreen trees are able to develop their splendour in full, they require sufficient nutrients which are added to the ground through fertiliser. Soil which is rich in humus and permeable provides suitable growth prerequisites for evergreens. It is also important that the plants stand in a sunny location, where they remain protected from strong winds. However, sunny weather can cause evergreens to dry out in winter when the ground freezes over. This risk is particularly high for plants in pots. Evergreens in pots should therefore also be watered on frost-free days in winter. The evergreens which are planted into the ground should be given an extra water ration in late autumn so that they can “fuel up” prior to the start of winter. In adverse conditions, apply a gardener’s non-woven cover to protect against sun and wind in the winter. The trunks of evergreen magnolias, which are sensitive to frost, can also be protected against frost cracks by painting them with tree lime.

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