Ideal firewood storage

Garden Life
Fresh wood contains a lot of water. As wood which contains too much moisture will not burn efficiently, it is important to store firewood before using it for heating up fireplaces.

Why fire wood needs to be dried

Half of the weight of fresh and green wood consists of water. If being used as fire wood, fresh wood needs to be dried so that the moisture content is below 20 %. Usually, after one year of storage and drying there is still 15 to 20 % water left in the wood. If measured on a dry summer day, the moisture of this dried wood can go down to only 15 %, whereas on a foggy, damp autumn day the moisture can increase to 20 %. 

Fresh or poorly stored wood contains too much water which can cause problems when burning. The water in the timber must then be "cooked out of the wood" before the wood really burns, making you lose valuable energy. If the moisture content is around 10 % above the optimum moisture content, the heat value will decrease by about 9 % making you waste energy. 

Here are some tips for storing firewood helping you to get the moisture content of your wood down to less than 20 %.


Store safely and with sufficient air

The best method: Cross-stacking. In other words, alternatively place rows vertically and horizontally.

Stack the wood on a wooden pallet.
This protects the wood from moisture and humidity.

Keep at least 10 cm distance between the woodpile and the side of the house.
This guarantees a good air flow .

Protect against wind and weather with a cover or trap.
Ensure air flow through sufficient distance between wood and the cover.

For ideal air flow, leave at least one horizontal side open to the wind.