The variety of species is enormous. It starts with evergreen clematis, goes on with large blooming clematis and ends with early and late blooming clematis. The species differ on the growing power and flowering season and are alike in one characteristic: the liana-like plant shoots swing themselves up onto bare wall of buildings, fences and trees.
The best time for planting your purchased potted plant is between August and October. When you take the clematis out of the pot, you can cut open the pot in order to not injure the sensitive roots. The condition of the earth in the pot should be moist. If the earth is dry, you can put the pot into a water bucket.
Nature is a role model for your garden in this case. In the forest, the wild clematis climbs up the trees and bushes towards the sun. The head in the sun, the plant base in the shadow – this should be considered while planting in your garden. In general, Clematis do not tolerate heat at their base. A good tip is to plant ground covering plants around the clematis which provide shade for the bottom part of the plant. You can also shade with old broken bricks, stones or other garden decorations. If there are any dominant perennial plants with imposing roots located in the neighbourhood, we recommend segregating the roots with a pond liner. This way, you make sure that roots have enough nutrients in the soil.
When you have found a nice place for your queen, you can start to dig a big and deep hole. The soil should be rich in nutrients and moist. You can fill up the bottom part of the hole with stone chippings. This is especially recommended when the soil is very heavy or loamy. Stone chippings avoid waterlogging. If water impounds, roots start to rot and this diebacks the whole plant. It is possible to mix the excavated soil with compost earth: this loosens up the earth, and the plant is able to flourish greatly. Now you fill up the hole with the mixed earth and water the newcomer carefully.
Clematis can reach heights of three meters. With the help of their tendrils, they are able to hang on to trees, fences and walls. If there do not exist any climbing aids, you have to install a trellis. The single elements of the trellis consist of horizontal and vertical wooden slats or wire cables. Rose arches, pergolas or wall lattice are also an option. We recommend installing the climbing aid at the same time when you are planting out your clematis in your garden.
Image clematis: © Gina Skinner - Fotolia.com