Variations of bamboo which grow upright are perfect for a bamboo hedge, they are called Umbrella bamboo or Fargesia nitida. Umbrella bamboos best suit nutritious and water-permeable ground, however variations of bamboo species have different preferences. Overall, you cannot go wrong with a semi-shaded part of the garden, just make sure they aren't placed in dry areas as this will have a detrimental effect on the plant. If you can't find a shaded place for your bamboo, you can still choose between Fargesia murielae, Fargesia rufa and Fargesia robusta.
Another type; Arrow bamboo (pseudosasa japonica) also works well as a hedge due to its very large leaves. The arrow bamboo likes a semi-shaded to sunny spot, ideally sheltered from the wind. Dryness should be avoided just as for the other types of bamboo. However, the arrow bamboo forms foothills and therefore it requires a root barrier. Without such a barrier, the roots will proliferate into your own or even in your neighbour’s garden. You can prevent this by using a rhizome barrier, however, this is quite expensive.
Before planting, it is vital you calculate enough space for the hedge, as the plants need at least one meter in width. The soil should be loosened and mixed with compost or fallen leaves. Bamboos do not like waterlogging, therefore, it is advisable to make a drainage layer with gravel. It is also good to mix some sand into the ground, this makes it more permeable. After pricking in the bamboo you should water your hedge well. Because of the rhizome barrier, which you eventually put in, the soil can dry up easily.
If you want to cut back your bamboo hedge because of space problems or other reasons, the ideal month to do this in is May. A bamboo does not need a lot, except for nutrients and water. For sufficient nutrients you should supply bark mulch and horn shavings in spring. Water the soil constantly, even in winter months, when there is a warm phase and the ground is frost-free. Winter itself shouldn't be a worry as – umbrella bamboos are frost-resistant.
If you want to cut back your bamboo hedge because of space problems or other reasons, you can do this in May. A bamboo does not need a lot, except for nutrients and water. For sufficient nutrients you should supply bark mulch and horn shavings in spring. Water the soil constantly, even in winter months, when there is a warm phase and the ground is frost-free. Besides, you do not have to worry about winter – umbrella bamboos are frost-resistant.
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