Inspired by the infatuating charm of the rose, the Greek poet, Sappho, coined the term 'Queen of Flowers' in 600 BC. This accolade has not been challenged to date by any other plant - due to the special qualities of the rose, which is assumed to be the plant which has been cultivated for the longest time of all. The first roses were discovered approximately 25 million years ago in Central Asia. These lofty beauties quickly found their way into China, Japan, India, Europe and the Mediterranean region. Roses have played an important part in diverse cultures and appear in many myths, legends and fairytales. For the Romans, who were keen cultivators of roses, these noble plants were one of the most prestigious items a person could have. During their legendary orgies, the guests bathed decadently in rose petals and rose oil, giving the Queen of Flowers its dubious reputation as the 'flower of vice'. Captivated by its heavenly scent and enchanting flowers, cultivators throughout the world are fascinated by the rose and are constantly bringing out new varieties: There are currently over 30,000 varieties of rose.
A wide variety of beautiful blooms
Some roses smell sweet or refreshingly fruity, but others can have a sour or subtle taste. The petals of the Damascene rose have been used in the East and in the Mediterranean region as the basis for aromatic perfumes and oils. In mediaeval monasteries, roses prospered as medicinal plants and today rose hips, which are rich in vitamin C, are still considered a foodstuff. Despite its place as Queen of Flowers, the capricious rose is a team player.
Climbing roses and clematis harmonise wonderfully: Glorious plays of colour result from combinations of white, pink and purple shades. Both of these garden stars compete to flower without outshining the other. Roses display their aristocratic nature to the best when they are surrounded by blue companions. Delphiniums, geraniums, sage and catmint with their cool elegance light up yellow and orange roses really well because the stark contrasts emphasise their intensity of colour. Blue creates depth and breadth in a garden. Blue companion plants are therefore an ideal way to make small gardens, in particular, look bigger. Combining roses with lavender or other Mediterranean herbs creates colour harmony. In addition, the more rank and file plants provide a valuable service by keeping pests away from the Queen of Flowers.
Sophisticated cut flowers
Hybrid tea roses are a classic in any flower bed. Their spindly form and slender, high-centred buds are shown to their best advantage if accompanied by the delicate and graceful flowers of gypsophilia or lady's mantel. Their mostly very large and exquisitely coloured flowers make them one of the most popular cut flowers.
In summary: Whether high-spirited or romantic: The Queen of Flowers creates atmosphere and makes magical garden dreams come true.