Toamna sau primavera? Cand este de preferat sa plantam arborii si arbustii? Ne punem aceasta intrebare in fiecare an. Vom incerca sa explicam cativa factori de baza.
Perioada de plantare
Cat timp nu este inghet, puteti planta arbori si arbusti din Octombrie pana in Martie.
Pomii cu radacini goale (dezvelite/ neprotejate) pot fi plantati afara pana tarziu in luna Martie. Pentru acest tip de copaci lunile Octombrie si Noiembrie sunt extreme de potrivite pentru plantare.
Pomii cu radacini nebalotate pot fi plantate pana la inceputul lunii Mai. Radacinile lor fine au aparut bine.
Pomii si trandafirii cu radacini balotate pot fi plantate pana in vara. Trebuie acordata o atentie deosebita udarii.
Radacinile arborilor si arbustilor
Pomi si trandafiri cu radacini goale (Perioada de plantare: din Octombrie pana in Martie cel tarziu)
Pomi cu radacini nebalotate (Perioada de plantare: din Octombrie pana in Mai)
Pomi si trandafiri cu radacini balotate (Perioada de plantare: din Octombrie pana la sfarsitul verii)
The advantage of planting in spring
Except for bare-rooted roses, spring planting can be recommended for all those plants which are rather sensitive to frost. These are, for example, many evergreen plants such as the rhododendron, box, cherry laurel and photinia, but also some deciduous plants such as the rose mallow, hortensia and lavender. If we give such plants a whole garden season to grow their root systems, they can withstand their first cold period much better than if they are planted just before the onset of winter. In general, all frost-resistant shrubs and trees are best planted from the end of September until the end of April as long as the ground is not frozen and not too wet. Autumn planting means that the plants can develop their root systems until spring, and then start with a growth advantage. They therefore develop better than plants which were not put in until late spring.
Autumn planting is also expedient for larger trees. Trees are already starting to grow at this point. Only in regions subject to severe autumn and winter storms is timely spring planting an advantage.
In particular in winter, tree bark heats up very unevenly in the sun’s rays. In order to counter the risk of tension cracks in freshly planted trees through major temperature differences between sunny and shady sides, trees planted in autumn are wrapped in thin linen fabric. This also protects the plants against severe water loss.
The Advantage of autumn planting for bare-root trees
Especially now in October and November, it is recommended to plant the bare-root trees. These will take root by the spring and will then begin to sprout heartily. Attention must be paid to sufficient watering during the next frost free weeks and months.
Conifers and frost-hardy deciduous evergreens with soil or root-ball should be planted the beginning of September. Water evaporates here through the leaves and needles also in the winter. This takes energy away from the plant and until winter, the roots have not grown enough. The plants could easily freeze.
Winter-hardy – what does this mean?
A rough indication is given by the so-called climate, vegetation and winter-hardiness zones. They are influenced by, among other things, the altitude above sea level, the prevailing winds and the geographical location. What is interesting for the garden owner is the classification of the winter-hardiness zones (WHZ) in Germany from 5b (cool, Alps) up to 8a (warm, Rhine Valley). For every plant variety, a recommendation for the appropriate winter-hardiness zone can be made.