Botanically speaking, pansies belong to the family of violas. There are many different varieties of pansy. Probably the most well known variety is the garden pansy, which is a cross of the wild viola with the viola altai and viola sudetica. The garden pansy grows to a height of about 20 cm. The petals do not emit a scent, but they make up for this shortcoming with many different colours, shapes and hues.
For those wishing for something colourful in their balcony boxes or tubs at this time of year already, the pansy is exactly the right plant. It is winter-hardy and thus withstands low temperatures. However, the root bale, especially in tubs and balcony boxes, should be protected against excessive frost. If pansies get too cold, they become weak and let their leaves droop. But have no fear: as soon as the weather becomes warmer again, they sprout again and blossom.
So that pansies bloom nice and colourfully all spring, good care is important. Pansies like light but nevertheless prefer shady locations with sufficient moisture and nutrients. When the winter-hardy plant has lost its petals, it produces many seed capsules, so that when the seeds are sown again every year new pansies can grow. If the flowers are to blossom in spring, the seeds should be sown in winter, for autumn blossoms, the summer months are to be chosen. Those who do not need seeds should regularly cut off withered pansies, as the pansies then soon stop blossoming and producing seeds.