Mini Pond

Mini tó az erkélyen

Magazine

A víz maga az élet és az öröm forrása. Könnyedén lehet saját oázisod, ha mini tavat létesítesz az erkélyen. Gyorsan és olcsón elkészülhet ez a vizes csoda, amely mindenki tekintetét magára vonzza.

The best location for your mini pond

Always start by asking yourself where to put your mini pond. Then move on to thinking about containers, layout and design. So where should you put your first mini pond? From day-to-day planting in flower boxes or pots on your balcony, you know that it depends on what plants you're putting in. Because some plants need plenty of light, others appreciate the shade. It's the same when it comes to mini ponds. However, water adds another element, in the truest sense of the word. And for balcony gardeners, water brings new rules into play.

Although plants in mini ponds do need light, there should only be a very minimal amount. And this is mainly because of the water. If the water heats up too much, we run the risk of algae growing excessively. This reduces the levels of oxygen and upsets the biological balance in your little biotope.

It should therefore be placed in a semi-shaded location which receives direct sunlight for two to three hours per day. A pond pump should be used to enrich the mini pond with oxygen and to keep the water circulating. A fountain or a similar water feature does the same job. You will need a wall socket close to hand for this.

Your mini pond is in good hands in a bucket ...

… or in (almost) any other type of container. The most important factor is that the container fits into the chosen location. A second crucial point: it must be absolutely water-tight. If you're not sure about whether it is water-tight, carry out a little test. Fill your preferred container to the brim with water and let it stand for a long period of time. If nothing runs out, then it is a suitable refuge for aquatic plants. You can seal any leakages with silicon.

The container for your mini pond needs to be big enough; the more space there is for water, the more stable the biological balance. As a rule of thumb, provide a capacity of approx. 40 litres or above to be on the safe side. This does mean that your mini pond will be rather heavy. The location and container should be suitably robust.

Fortunately a lot of places have just the thing. Containers made out of plastic, ceramic, glass, metal (stainless), clay or concrete are a suitable refuge for a mini pond. The current trend is for sawn wine casks, which add a particularly rustic effect. Specialist shops now sell specific small-scale products for your little oasis. Beware of zinc tubs. The metal can dissolve in water and slows the growth of plants. You should therefore line zinc tubs with plastic film or pond liner.

These plants are suitable for a mini pond

The decisive factors for planting are location and container. Nevertheless, we can make some general recommendations irrespective of these decisive factors. Eligible candidates are those that feel most at home when the level of the water is between 5 and 50 cm. They shouldn't be fast growers, neither should they sprawl too far across the pond, because they could cover the surface of the water. This would make your mini pond lose its character. This would also happen if you were to plant lots of plants in the pond. Three to four plants should normally be enough.

E.g. grasses, aquatic plants, marsh plants and floating plants which stay small over the long term are particularly suitable. This does actually exclude pond plants such as bur-reed and bulrushes, reeds and sweet flag. But you can also buy these in miniature version and plant them happily. Ideally you should have a mix of tall and short plants as well as plants which thrive above and below the water. Garden centres are the best place to get information about layout. Here is a selection of suitable plants for inspiration:

  • (Dwarf) water lilies
  • Marsh marigolds
  • Fairy moss
  • Water fern
  • Water nut
  • Moneywort
  • Mare's tail
  • Alisma
  • Arrowhead
  • Marsh forget-me-not

Készítsük el a mini tavat – munkára fel!

A növényeken és az edényen felül az alábbiakra is szükséged lesz: tóföld, kavicsok, téglák, vízáteresztő növénykosarak, filc és természetesen víz. De kezdjük az elején.

  • A (víz nélkül) becsült össz-súlytól függ, hogy a tavacska a végleges helyére kerül-e vagy sem. Minél nagyobb a tó, annál nehezebb lesz később mozgatni.
  • Amint megvan a tó helye, a következő lépés, hogy a növénykosarakat kibéleled ültetéshez használatos anyaggal. Légy nagyvonalú, és hagyd az anyagot pár centivel túllógni a kosár szélén.
  • Töltsd meg az ültetőkosarakat majdnem egészen a peremükig tófölddel. Tápanyagban nem túl gazdag fajtát válassz, különben elszaporodnak az algák a tóban.
  • Hajtsd rá a kosár tetejére az anyag túllógó részét, és nyomd erősen a talajra. A felesleges anyagot ollóval vágd le. Ily módon lezárod a földet, és megakadályozod, hogy a víz kimossa a kosárból.
  • Öblítsd le a kavicsokat, távolítsd el a ráragadt szennyeződéseket, amelyek mosatlanul a későbbiekben zavarossá tehetik a vizet.
  • Terítsd szét a kavicsot a filcen, és a lehető legkevesebb helyet hagyd ki. Ennek kettős haszna is van: először is kiváló dekoráció, másodszor pedig a kövek súlya nem engedi elmozdulni a kosarakat.
  • Ideje, hogy az elképzeléseidnek megfelelően betedd a téglákat az edénybe. Ezek tartják majd ugyanis a növényeket, amelyeknek magasabban kell elhelyezkedniük a vízben, hogy kilátszódjanak, illetve természetes okokból kell emelvényre tenni.
  • Helyezd be a cserepeket a tárolóba. Az üresen maradt területeket szintén díszítheted kavicsokkal.
  • Ha nem a végleges helyén van a tó, ideje odatenned.
  • Szükség szerint telepítsd a szivattyút és egyéb vízi látványosságokat.
  • Óvatosan engedd fel vízzel, hogy ne kavarodjon fel az alja. És kész!

Important care tips

Still waters run deep and are a popular breeding ground for mosquitoes. Make sure water pumps around constantly (using a pond pump) to prevent these little pests from laying their eggs. But water lilies don't like this. If you've got water lilies, the only thing you can do is buy a chemical product from a specialist to discourage female mosquitoes.

Replace the water on a regular basis. You must do this more regularly if you've got smaller rather than larger containers, in which the biological balance is better maintained. Refill water more regularly in summer because it evaporates.

Don't put any fish in your mini pond. Their excrement threatens the biological balance. Apart from that, they can only thrive in a "real" pond.

Mini Pond