Bamboo requires little maintenance and can be used in many ways. It is evergreen, opaque and does not really need a topiary – that is why it is ideally suited as a hedge. The plant can also be used singularly as an eye-catcher in a pot.
Bamboo sorts which grow upright are best suited for a bamboo hedge. They are called Umbrella bamboo or Fargesia. Umbrella bamboos like nutritious and water-permeable ground. The various sorts have different preferences. Overall, you cannot go wrong with a semi-shaded place. Just make sure that plants are not in dry places because they do not tolerate this. In case you only have a sunny place for your bamboo, you can still choose between Fargesia murielae, Fargesia rufa and Fargesia robusta. A shady place prefers Fargesia nitida.
The arrow bamboo (pseudosasa japonica) also works well as a hedge. It has very large leaves which hinder unwanted glances. The arrow bamboo likes a semi-shaded to sunny spot which should be sheltered from the wind. Dryness should be avoided just as for the other types of bamboo. However, the arrow bamboo forms foothills and therefore it requires a root barrier. Without such a barrier, the roots will proliferate into your own or even in your neighbour’s garden. You can prevent this by using a rhizome barrier, however, this can be quite expensive.
The plants need at least one meter of space in width so it is important that this be calculated prior to planting. The soil should be loosen and mixed with compost or fallen leaves. Bamboos do not like waterlogging. Therefore, it is advisable to make a drainage layer with gravel. It is also good to mix some sand into the ground, this makes it more permeable. After pricking in the bamboo you should water your hedge well. Because of the rhizome barrier, which you should eventually put in, the soil can dry up easily.
If you want to cut back your bamboo hedge because of space problems or other reasons, you can do this in November. A bamboo does not require much, except for nutrients and water. For sufficient nutrients you should add bark mulch and horn shavings to the soil in spring. Water the soil constantly, even in the winter months, when there is a warm phase and the ground is frost-free. You do not have to worry about winter though – umbrella bamboos are frost-resistant.