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Leaf diseases - when leaves get ill

Leaf diseases are differently looking affections on leaves and other plant parts. Leaves change colour, wither or dieback. Pathogens of such diseases are fungi. If you take action too late, the whole plant might dieback. This is really annoying as planting and caring for plants has to do a lot with work and know-how. We will help you to rescue your plants.

Powdery mildew

Your plant suffers from this disease when you discover a white, powdery and washable cover on top of the leaves. Later on, leaves change the colour to brown and wither. Pathogen of the disease is a fungus. Its spores fly through the air, sit down on leaves, germinate there and build up a mycelium. Most fungi require moisture in order to germinate, but not the Powdery mildew fungus. It germinates only on dry leaves. This is the reason why it is also called “The fair-weather fungus”. Powdery mildew infects plants like cucumber, carrots, black salsify, fruit trees, roses and other ornamental plants.

Downy mildew

In contrast to the Powdery mildew, the Downy mildew loves moisture. Its spores swim on moist leaves and penetrate into the plant tissues through the stomas.
Whereas Powdery mildew settles on top of the leaf, Downy mildew infects the backside of the leaf. Here, the fungus builds a grey-violet mycelium. Endangered plants are radish, horseradish, black salsify, lettuce, lamb´s lettuce, peas, spinach, onions and grapevines.

Barley scald

This is an illness without uniform symptoms because the pathogens can be different fungi species. The pattern of damage ranges from yellow, red and brown to black areas on top of the leaves. At the beginning, there are small spots which get bigger and bigger. When these spots start to flow together, the leaf starts to wither and diebacks. Often affected plants are celery, tomatoes, marguerites, parsley and chrysanthemums. The disease spreads out rapidly. We recommend, from the beginning, to set your plants at larger distances between the single plants. This way, after rain, the leaves are able to dry very fast which reduces the risk of infection. Most spores are in the soil. So they can be swirled up by the rain and also get on the leaves. You can prevent this by covering the ground with straw like it is common for strawberry plants. Another advice is to water plants not from above but only from below.

Rust disease

Similar to the Barley scald, the Rust disease has yellow spots on top of the leaf and red-orange pustules at the backside of the leaf. Strawberry plants are often infected with this disease, but this is harmless and does not do any damage to the plant. To combat the disease, it is sufficient when you remove the infected plant parts after the harvest.

If your plants are infected with fungi it is important to remove the withered parts. Do not throw these parts into the compost because the fungi are able to spread out further more. You can get rid of them by throwing them into the domestic refuse. Strengthening plant broths are one recipe of grandmother’s kitchen in order to combat unwelcomed parasites. A strengthening remedy is very simple to make. You take an onion or a bulb of garlic and heat it up with water. After that you water your plants with this broth. You can also spray infected parts with this liquid. This process, however, should be done regularly. Otherwise it has no effect. You should use chemical pesticides only if the infection is very serious or appears perennially.

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