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Watering pot plants correctly

If your plants no longer produce nice blossoms after a while, the leaves go limp or simply die off, this is often due to incorrect watering. Generally, caring for pot plants does not involve a lot of work, but the growth and blossoming phases should be observed when watering. There is no universal rule for plants, as every plant has its own special water requirements. For this reason, water quantities should ideally be individually adapted to the plant. Some plants do not like standing in puddles, whereas others need lots of water to grow and blossom well.

In general, with all plants, the leaves should not become wet, as this encourages the development of diseases. Pot plants are best watered from below.

For the right watering time, a simple principle is always to water the plant in the pot as soon as the earth feels dry. If an indoor plant receives too much water, its roots can easily become waterlogged and rot and the plant could die. In contrast, pot plants which have dried out due to a lack of water can often still be rescued by placing them in a bucket full of water for some time until the earth has become completely saturated. If the pots stand in an outer pot without a drainage hole, the excess water must be emptied regularly.

In summer it is best to water in the early evening hours or in the early morning. Especially when temperatures are very hot during the day, the water quickly cools the roots down, which then reduces their capacity to absorb it. On hot, sunny days, no water should remain on the leaves either, as this damages the plant fibres when burnt by the sun. In winter, pot plants should be watered in the morning. In the evening, stagnant water can reduce the temperature as far as into the roots and thus also reduce the ability to absorb water.

It is normally better for pot plants to water generously but less often. In this way, the plants build up water reserves and can easily withstand periods without being watered for several days.