Garlic is a bulbous plant which lends every dish a unique taste. However, it also divides opinions: there are garlic lovers and those who prefer to avoid the strongly smelling bulb. Those who like garlic can plant their own without a great deal of effort.
Garlic is to be planted in autumn in early to mid-October. The bulbous plant likes a sunny location, which must however be kept moist, as garlic needs water to grow. However, stagnant moisture is to be avoided. Humus or blue fertiliser is used. A nutrient-rich, calcareous soil is ideal. At the site of the garlic itself, no other bulbous plants, such as onions, chives or leek should have been growing for the previous two to three years. Otherwise the soil has too few nutrients which the garlic needs to grow.
The largest cloves of a garlic bulb are planted individually and about 6 cm deep. When planting, the tips of the cloves should point upwards. The distance between rows should be 15 cm. Soon the cloves grow roots and long, narrow leaves appear. It spends winter outside and sprouts in spring. However, with too much moisture in winter, the bulbs may quickly rot. To prevent possible failures over winter, it is recommended to cover the beds with straw or brushwood. When spring approaches, the garlic sprouts again and you can harvest it.
Finally, a few more facts: Common garlic is a herbaceous plant and reaches growth heights of 30 to 90 cm. The deciduous leaves are up to 15 mm wide. Garlic reached Europe from Asia via the Mediterranean and is used as a medicinal and culinary herb.